Alzheimer’s disease (AD), a progressive neurodegenerative disorder with many cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms, is biochemically characterized by a significant decrease in the brain neurotransmitter Acetylcholine (ACh). In the present insilico study, six plant bioactive compounds namely Harmol, Vasicine, Harmaline, Harmine, Harmane and Harmalol (from P. Nigellastrum Bunge) were analyzed for their inhibitory role on AChE (Acetylcholinesterase) and BChE (Butyrylcholinesterase) activity by applying the molecular docking studies. Other parameters viz. determination of molecular interaction-based binding affinity values, protein-ligand interactions, Lipinski rule of five, functional properties and biological activities for the above compounds were also calculated by employing the appropriate bioinformatics tools. The results of docking analysis clearly showed that Harmalol has highest binding affinity with AChE (-8.6 kcal/mole) and BChE (-8.0 kcal/mole) but it does not qualified the enzyme inhibitory activity, since it was exerted, and also has least percentage activity on AD and neurodegenerative disease. Whereas, the Harmine has been second qualified binding affinity (-8.4 kcal/mol) and first in other parameters when compared with Harmalol. Hence, we are concluding that Harmine is the best compound for further studies to treat AD.
Jyothi, P., & Yellamma, K. (2016). MOLECULAR DOCKING STUDIES ON THE THERAPEUTIC TARGETS OF ALZHEIMER DISEASE (AChE AND BChE) USING NATURAL BIOACTIVE ALKALOIDS. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 8(12).
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