Single ketamine infusions elicit a significant antidepressant effect from 4 h to 7 days; the small number of studies at 12–14 days post infusion failed to reach significance. Results suggest a discrepancy in peak response time depending upon primary diagnosis — 24 h for MDD and 7 days for BD. The majority of published studies have used pre–post comparison; further placebo-controlled studies would help to clarify the effect of ketamine over time.
Coyle, C. M., & Laws, K. R. (2015). The use of ketamine as an antidepressant: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental, 30(3), 152-163. https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hup.2475
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