Both anxious and non-anxious patients with bipolar depression had significant antidepressant responses to ketamine, although the anxious depressed group did not show a clear antidepressant response disadvantage over the non-anxious group. Given that anxiety has been shown to be a predictor of poor treatment response in bipolar depression when traditional treatments are used, our findings suggest a need for further investigations into ketamine’s novel role in the treatment of anxious bipolar depression.
Ionescu, D. F., Luckenbaugh, D. A., Niciu, M. J., Richards, E. M., & Zarate, C. A. (2014). A single infusion of ketamine improves depression scores in patients with anxious bipolar depression. Bipolar disorders. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bdi.12277