OPEN Foundation

Ibogan, Tacaman, and Cytotoxic Bisindole Alkaloids from Tabernaemontana. Cononusine, an Iboga Alkaloid with Unusual Incorporation of a Pyrrolidone Moiety

Share This Post

Share on facebook
Share on linkedin
Share on twitter
Share on email

Abstract

Abstract Image

Six new indole alkaloids, viz., cononusine (1, a rare example of an iboga–pyrrolidone conjugate), ervaluteine (2), vincamajicine (3), tacamonidine (4), 6-oxoibogaine (5), and N4-chloromethylnorfluorocurarine chloride (6), and two new vobasinyl-iboga bisindole alkaloids, ervatensines A (7) and B (8), in addition to other known alkaloids, were isolated from the stem-bark extract of the Malayan Tabernaemontana corymbosa. The structures of these alkaloids were established on the basis of NMR and MS analyses and, in one instance (7), confirmed by X-ray diffraction analysis. Vincamajicine (3) showed appreciable activity in reversing multidrug resistance in vincristine-resistant KB cells (IC50 2.62 μM), while ervatensines A (7) and B (8) and two other known bisindoles displayed pronounced in vitro growth inhibitory activity against human KB cells (IC50 < 2 μM). Compounds 7 and 8 also showed good growth inhibitory activity against A549, MCF-7, MDA-468, HCT-116, and HT-29 cells (IC50 0.70–4.19 μM). Cell cycle and annexin V-FITC apoptosis assays indicated that compounds 7 and 8 inhibited proliferation of HCT-116 and MDA-468 cells, evoking apoptotic and necrotic cell death.

Lim, K. H., Raja, V. J., Bradshaw, T. D., Lim, S. H., Low, Y. Y., & Kam, T. S. (2015). Ibogan, Tacaman, and Cytotoxic Bisindole Alkaloids from Tabernaemontana. Cononusine, an Iboga Alkaloid with Unusual Incorporation of a Pyrrolidone Moiety. Journal of natural products. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jnatprod.5b00117

Link to full text

OPEN Foundation

INTERESTED IN PSYCHEDELIC RESEARCH AND THERAPIES?

Subscribe to the OPEN Foundation’s newsletter to stay in the loop, hear about our events, and become a part of a community dedicated to advancing psychedelics.

By clicking subscribe, I confirm to receive emails from the OPEN Foundation and agree with its privacy policy.